Who would not want to transform their home into a living paradise and take its beauty to new heights? The easiest way to achieve this is to paint the walls of your home both interior and exterior with your favourite wall paint colour. Besides adorning the home, good quality wall paint also ensures protection from the damages caused by changing weather conditions, resistance to water, averting termite attacks and enhancing the durability of the surface. Different wall paint colours can affect the look and feel of a space and have different impact on the mood of a person. Usually the paints are either oil-based (alkyd) or water-based (latex).
There are different types of wall paints available for different types of surfaces for example; there are two broad categories of paint for interior walls viz. distemper and plastic emulsion that are further divided into sub categories and for exterior walls there are three categories of wall paints viz. cement paint, acrylic emulsion and textured plaster. Paints are also available for wooden and metal surfaces. This will be clearer from the list of categories mentioned below:


Also known as soft size paint, it is chiefly composed of powdered chalk or lime. It is commonly used on plastered and concrete surface or brick wall for the purpose of decoration and protection. As mentioned above there are different types of distempers. One of the major features of synthetic and dry distemper is that they are not washable while acrylic distempers are. Asbestos, wall and plaster are the surfaces on which acrylic distemper can be applied.

Plastic Emulsion:

Plastic emulsion is one such type of paint that has gained huge popularity over the period of time. Being water based paints they are less toxic than oil based paints which helps in averting the problems such as skin irritations, nasty odors and high level of VOCs i.e. volatile organic compounds in the environment that can cause harm to the inhabitant’s health. Plastic emulsion is commonly of three type viz. regular emulsion, economy emulsion and premium or silk emulsion.

Exterior Paint

It is essential for the exterior paint to possess the quality to resist damages caused by varying weather conditions. It is normally recommended to opt for water based exterior paints. Let us take a closer look at each type of exterior paint in detail:

Cement Paint:

Economical, fungus and algae resistant, easy to apply and protection from harsh weather conditions are some of the qualities of cement paint. Available in variety of colours and shades this water based paint provides a matt finish to the exterior walls.

Acrylic Emulsion:

Highly capable of withstanding the test of time and weather, the water-based acrylic emulsion paint is used to provide a durable finish to exterior wall surface.

Textured Plaster:

Based on emulsion paint, textured plaster is one of the best options available in the market in terms of the capability to protect the exterior wall surface.

Synthetic Enamel Paint:

Due to its high quality finish and atmospheric protection, synthetic enamel paint can be applied on wooden surface as well.

Premium Enamel Paint:

Its shiny effect, premium quality surface finish and outstanding capability to protect against the wear and tear caused by changing atmosphere, premium enamel paint is considered to be the best choice for polishing metal surface.
Now when we have chosen the right type of paint in order to paint our home walls let us go through step by step painting process: Check for any damp areas, water seepage and loose plaster on the wall.
Remove the loose plaster from the wall, fix the leaking pipes or cracks in the wall and for repairing the broken plaster, the wall is required to undergo masonry work. In case of hollow plaster or dampness, painting job will not be taken without rectifying the same. Treatment and rectification might cost you some extra bucks but it will be one time investment only hence, it will be worth putting the efforts.
In order to make the wall surface smooth bridge the cracks with putty or POP and ensure proper curing time. This leads to more effective wall painting.
If required, scrap the old loose paint. Apply primer coat on puttied areas. In case the wall is very old then a coat of primer needs to be applied on the entire wall which might cost you some extra bucks.
Apply 2 coats of paint. In case 3rd coat of paint is required to be applied (depending on the condition of the wall and the finish required) it can cost you extra for 3rd coat of paint.
In order to ensure genuineness of the quality & brand of the paint being used get the sealed buckets of paint opened by the painter in front of you.